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  • Editor in Chief: Prof. Andrea Remuzzi
  • Frequency: monthly
  • Current issue: Vol. 37 issue 7 , 2014 (July)

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Vol. 34 Issue 12 (December 2011)

Tissue engineering of bladder using vascular endothelial growth factor gene-modified endothelial progenitor cells

Tissue engineering of bladder using vascular endothelial growth factor gene-modified endothelial progenitor cells

Int J Artif Organs 2011; 34(12): 1137 - 1146

Article Type: ORIGINAL ARTICLE

DOI:10.5301/ijao.5000069

Authors

Bai-Song Chen, Hua Xie, Sheng-Li Zhang, Hong-Quan Geng, Jun-Mei Zhou, Jun Pan, Fang Chen

Abstract

Purpose: This study assessed the use of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene-modified endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) seeded onto bladder acellular matrix grafts (BAMGs), to enhance the blood supply in tissue-engineered bladders in a porcine model. Methods: Autologous porcine peripheral EPCs were isolated, cultured, expanded, characterized, and modified with the VEGF gene using an adenovirus vector. The expression of VEGF was examined using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). VEGF gene modified EPCs were seeded onto BAMG and cultured for 3 days before implantation into pigs for bladder tissue engineering. A partial bladder cystectomy was performed in 12 pigs. The experimental group (6 pigs) received VEGF gene-modified EPC-seeded BAMG. The control group (6 pigs) received BAMG without seeded EPCs. The resulting tissue-engineered bladders were subject to a general and histological analysis. Microvessel density (MVD) was assessed using immunohistochemistry. Results: The ex vivo transfection efficiency of EPCs was greater than 60%-70% when concentrated adenovirus was used. The genetically modified cells expressed both VEGF and Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Masson’s trichrome staining of cross sections of the cultured cells seeded to BAMG showed cell attachment and proliferation on the surface of the BAMG. Histological examination revealed bladder regeneration in a time-dependent fashion. Significant increases in MVD were observed in the experimental group, in comparison with the control group. Conclusions: VEGF-modified EPCs significantly enhanced neovascularization, compared with BAMG alone. These results indicate that EPCs, combined with VEGF gene therapy, may be a suitable approach for increasing blood supply in the tissue engineering of bladders. Thus, a useful strategy to achieve a tissue-engineered bladder is indicated.

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Authors

  • Chen, Bai-Song [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
    Department of Urology, Children’s Hospital of Shanghai, Children’s Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai - PR China
  • Xie, Hua [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
    Department of Urology, Children’s Hospital of Shanghai, Children’s Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai - PR China
  • Zhang, Sheng-Li [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
    Department of Urology, Children’s Hospital of Shanghai, Children’s Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai - PR China
  • Geng, Hong-Quan [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
    Department of Urology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai - PR China
  • Zhou, Jun-Mei [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
    Department of Urology, Children’s Hospital of Shanghai, Children’s Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai - PR China
  • Pan, Jun [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
    Department of Urology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai - PR China
  • Chen, Fang [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
    Department of Urology, Children’s Hospital of Shanghai, Children’s Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai - PR China

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