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Mobile-bearing total knee arthroplasty: A full traumatic rotation of 180°

Mobile-bearing total knee arthroplasty: A full traumatic rotation of 180°

Int J Artif Organs 2013; 36(6): 421 - 425

Article Type: ORIGINAL ARTICLE

DOI:10.5301/ijao.5000211

Authors

Alessandra Sudanese, Emanuela Castiello, Saverio Affatato

Abstract

From February 2008 to September 2012 we implanted 204 mobile-bearing knee prostheses in 192 patients. All the prostheses were cemented (both femoral and tibial components), and the patella was not replaced. Only one early complication of the implants (1/204 = 0.004%) occurred after a traumatic event as a full 180° rotation of the mobile-bearing polyethylene insert. A 78-year-old woman presented with swelling and severe pain at her right knee. This traumatic event was the only case among our mobile-bearing insert patients. 
The failed polyethylene inserts were retrieved and studied using a scanning electron microscope (SEM, ZEISS EVO 50 EP, Cambridge, UK) operating at 20 kV. 
Scratching and pitting were found on the UHMWPE insert perpendicular to the machining tracks for the concave surface. SEM micrographs of the insert showed burnishing on the concave surfaces and longitudinal scratches were clearly detectable and well-marked on the analyzed surfaces. 
A traumatic, fully rotating, polyethylene insert is rare and our case is the first report describing a traumatic event with a complete 180 degree rotation mobile-bearing in a total knee prosthesis. 
In the literature few reports discuss clinical outcomes after total knee arthroplasty in patients with Parkinson’s disease and they cite mixed results. However, some authors suggest that posterior-stabilized and cruciate-retaining TKA should work well while others prefer cruciate-retaining, condylar constrained kinetics, or hinged devices. Although we did not implant a posterior-stabilized mobile-bearing total knee prosthesis or a constrained prosthesis, we obtained good clinical and radiological results at the 2-year followup.

Article History

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Authors

  • Sudanese, Alessandra [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
    Traumatology and Surgery of Prosthetics and Hip and Knee Reimplantations , Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna - Italy and Laboratory of Medical Technology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna - Italy
  • Castiello, Emanuela [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
    Traumatology and Surgery of Prosthetics and Hip and Knee Reimplantations , Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna - Italy
  • Affatato, Saverio [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
    Laboratory of Medical Technology, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna - Italy

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