Advertisement

In vitro benchmark of cytokine removal by dialyzers with various permeability profiles

Abstract

Purpose

Removal of cytokines is relevant for dialysis patients as they are suspected to promote cardiovascular complications. The objective of this study was to benchmark membranes with different permeability profiles under standardized in vitro test conditions using miniaturized devices with respect to their ability to remove cytokines from human serum and to lower cell activating potential.

Methods

In vitro dialysis was used to dialyze cytokine enriched serum in 3 independent experiments per tested membrane. IL-6 in the serum and dialysate was measured at defined times by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. IL-8, IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in dialysate were measured by immunoassay. Dialysate samples were subjected to cultured tubular epithelial cells or human fibroblasts to study cell activation via IL-6 generation. Dialysate samples were added to human whole blood with subsequent analysis of granulocyte and monocyte activation by detection of CD11b.

Results

IL-6 decreased in serum and increased in dialysate during in vitro dialysis. IL-8, IL-1β, and TNF-α were identified in dialysate. Dialysate added to cell cultures increased IL-6 concentration in culture medium or increased expression of CD11b. High cut-off membranes showed the strongest transfer of cytokines, albumin and total proteins from serum to dialysate and led to strongest cell activation. This effect was lower for medium cut-off membranes and lowest for conventional high-flux membranes.

Conclusions

This study demonstrated an in vitro test by which membranes were benchmarked with respect to cytokine and cell activation removal capacity. Cell activation levels could be influenced by the choice of membrane by altering cytokine concentration levels.

Int J Artif Organs 2017; 40(11): 615 - 621

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

DOI:10.5301/ijao.5000639

Authors

Michael Hulko, Rose Speidel, Julia Gauss, Markus Storr, Bernd Krause

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: No grants or funding have been received for this study.
Conflict of interest: All authors are employees of Baxter International Inc.

This article is available as full text PDF.

  • If you are a Subscriber, please log in now.

  • Article price: Eur 36,00
  • You will be granted access to the article for 72 hours and you will be able to download any format (PDF or ePUB). The article will be available in your login area under "My PayPerView". You will need to register a new account (unless you already own an account with this journal), and you will be guided through our online shop. Online purchases are paid by Credit Card through PayPal.
  • If you are not a Subscriber you may:
  • Subscribe to this journal
  • Unlimited access to all our archives, 24 hour a day, every day of the week.

Authors

Affiliations

  • Baxter International Inc., Dialyzer/Filter R&D, Hechingen - Germany

Article usage statistics

The blue line displays unique views in the time frame indicated.
The yellow line displays unique downloads.
Views and downloads are counted only once per session.

This article has supplementary materials available to download.

  • If you are a Subscriber, please log in now.

  • Article price: Eur 36,00
  • You will be granted access to the article for 72 hours and you will be able to download any format (PDF or ePUB). The article will be available in your login area under "My PayPerView". You will need to register a new account (unless you already own an account with this journal), and you will be guided through our online shop. Online purchases are paid by Credit Card through PayPal.
  • If you are not a Subscriber you may:
  • Subscribe to this journal
  • Unlimited access to all our archives, 24 hour a day, every day of the week.