Relationship between bioimpedance-determined body composition and peritoneal transport in peritoneal dialysis
Int J Artif Organs 2017; 40(5): 212 - 218
Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
AuthorsBernardo M. da Costa, Gloria Del Peso, Maria Auxiliadora Bajo, Gilda Carreño, Marta Ferreira, Carina Ferreira, Rafael Selgas
In peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, body fluid homeostasis is dependent on peritoneal elimination of water and solutes. Patients with less favorable peritoneal transport parameters should be more overhydrated. Despite this, the association between faster transport and overhydration (OH) is weak, and the factors that influence hydration status are still poorly characterized. Modified peritoneal equilibration tests (PET) offer us new parameters that might correlate better with hydration status, like free water transport (FWT). The aim of this study was thus to establish the relationships between new peritoneal transport parameters and body composition parameters estimated by bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS).
Prospective observational study on incident PD patients with a baseline and 1-year follow-up evaluation.
61 patients were included in the baseline evaluation, 19 of whom had a 1-year follow-up evaluation; 67.2% were fluid overloaded. There was a negative correlation between D/P creatinine and FWT (r = -0.598, p = 0.000). The fraction of FWT was negatively correlated with OH (r = -0.302, p = 0.018). Peritoneal protein losses (PPL) were also correlated with OH (r = 0.287, p = 0.028). There were no significant differences in OH according to small-solute transport status or fluid output parameters. After 1 year, we observed a significant worsening of renal function and an improvement in 24-hour ultrafiltration (UF) and hydration status, but we detected no differences in peritoneal transport of water or solutes that could explain these changes.
There is a poor relationship between kidney/peritoneal function parameters and body composition parameters. The fraction of FWT and PPL may be underestimated markers of peritoneal health and of its contribution to the hydration status.
- • Accepted on 10/03/2017
- • Available online on 18/05/2017
- • Published in print on 29/05/2017
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- da Costa, Bernardo M. [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1, * Corresponding Author (email@example.com)
- Del Peso, Gloria [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 2
- Bajo, Maria Auxiliadora [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 2
- Carreño, Gilda [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 2
- Ferreira, Marta [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 2
- Ferreira, Carina [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Selgas, Rafael [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 2
Nephrology Department, Curry Cabral Hospital-Central Lisbon Hospital Center, Lisbon - Portugal
Nephrology Department, La Paz University Hospital, FIBHULP-IdiPAZ, Madrid - Spain